The Rise and Fall of Plantation Forestry in Northern Mozambique

37 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2022

See all articles by Aires Afonso Mbanze

Aires Afonso Mbanze

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Wang Shuangao

affiliation not provided to SSRN

John Mudekwe

Stellenbosch University

Cremildo Ribas Dias

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Almeida Sitoe

Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) - Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry, Department of Forestry

Abstract

In the last two decades, Mozambique’s plantation forestry has witnessed several twists, which was driven by domestic and global changes. However, empirical evidence on the governance issues that account for a bleak plantation forestry future in Mozambique are lacking. This paper explores the governance issues that militate for the rise and fall in plantation forestry in northern Mozambique. We conducted an interview with forest experts deeply informed about a decade and a half of plantation development in northern Mozambique, using 2005 as the baseline year. We then proceed with an explorative case study of two operational companies in the Niassa province: The Florestas do Niassa (now, Build It) and Green Resources. We found strong evidence of a decline in the forest sector in northern Mozambique, linked to the following governance issues: i) lack of flexibility, clarity and delay on the part of Mozambican Government to issue the land title (DUAT’s); ii) Increase in forest fires, perpetrated by rural people who provided land for the plantations, but were dissatisfied with the unfair distribution of the benefits from afforestation projects; iii) Poor infrastructures, especially road accessibility; iv) lack of skilled labour as well as v) political instability. Furthermore, the research illustrates how difficult it is to invest in forest tree plantations in Mozambique, despite its high potential and natural competitive advantages for the establishment of commercial plantations.

Keywords: forest fires, forest plantations, forestry governance, land tenure and rural people

Suggested Citation

Mbanze, Aires Afonso and Shuangao, Wang and Mudekwe, John and Dias, Cremildo Ribas and Sitoe, Almeida, The Rise and Fall of Plantation Forestry in Northern Mozambique. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4059286 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4059286

Aires Afonso Mbanze (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Wang Shuangao

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

John Mudekwe

Stellenbosch University ( email )

Private Bag X1
Stellenbosch, 7602
South Africa

Cremildo Ribas Dias

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Almeida Sitoe

Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) - Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry, Department of Forestry ( email )

Maputo
Mozambique

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