The Gender Pay Gap: Pay for Performance and Sorting across Employers

53 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2022 Last revised: 8 Aug 2023

See all articles by Daniel Bradley

Daniel Bradley

University of South Florida

April M. Knill

University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business

Michelle Lowry

Drexel University; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

Jared Williams

University of South Florida

Date Written: August 7, 2023

Abstract

We document a significant gender pay gap among business professors at Florida public universities, where sunshine laws and associated pay transparency should contribute to pay equality. The pay gap is largest among full professors at 6.7%. Two factors contribute to this gap. First, women experience lower pay-for-performance, which contributes to larger pay gaps at higher seniority levels. Second, women are disproportionately likely to work at schools with low pay. Our analysis of mitigating factors suggests that implicit biases contribute to the gap, but such biases can be ‘unlearned’ when people interact with more female faculty within their university.

Keywords: Gender gap, gender inequality, compensation, faculty, research productivity, career paths

JEL Classification: I26, J16, J24, J31, J71

Suggested Citation

Bradley, Daniel and Knill, April M. and Lowry, Michelle B. and Williams, Jared, The Gender Pay Gap: Pay for Performance and Sorting across Employers (August 7, 2023). FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper , European Corporate Governance Institute – Finance Working Paper No. 833/2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4059668 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4059668

Daniel Bradley (Contact Author)

University of South Florida ( email )

Tampa, FL 33620
United States

April M. Knill

University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business ( email )

1014 Greene Street
University of South Carolina
Columbia, SC 29208
United States
18502949216 (Phone)

Michelle B. Lowry

Drexel University ( email )

3141 Chestnut St
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) ( email )

c/o the Royal Academies of Belgium
Rue Ducale 1 Hertogsstraat
1000 Brussels
Belgium

Jared Williams

University of South Florida ( email )

Tampa, FL 33620
United States

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