The Gender Pay Gap: Pay for Performance and Sorting across Employers

44 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2022 Last revised: 27 Jun 2022

See all articles by Daniel Bradley

Daniel Bradley

University of South Florida

April M. Knill

Florida State University College of Business; Florida State University - College of Law

Michelle Lowry

Drexel University; European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

Jared Williams

University of South Florida

Date Written: March 17, 2022

Abstract

We document a gender pay gap among business professors at Florida public universities. Part of this gap is driven by the fact that females are disproportionately likely to work at schools with low pay, controlling for faculty productivity. However, this sorting effect does not completely explain our findings: Using strict fixed effects to control for discipline, employer, rank, productivity, and experience, we find that women are paid approximately 3.5% less than men. Women’s pay is less sensitive to their publication performance, and the pay gap is economically largest among full professors.

Keywords: Gender gap, gender inequality, compensation, faculty, research productivity, career paths

JEL Classification: I26, J16, J24, J31, J71

Suggested Citation

Bradley, Daniel and Knill, April M. and Lowry, Michelle B. and Williams, Jared, The Gender Pay Gap: Pay for Performance and Sorting across Employers (March 17, 2022). FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper , FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper , European Corporate Governance Institute – Finance Working Paper No. 833/2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4059668 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4059668

Daniel Bradley (Contact Author)

University of South Florida ( email )

Tampa, FL 33620
United States

April M. Knill

Florida State University College of Business ( email )

Tallahassee, FL 32306-1042
United States
(850) 644-2047 (Phone)

Florida State University - College of Law ( email )

425 W. Jefferson Street
Tallahassee, FL 32306
United States

Michelle B. Lowry

Drexel University ( email )

3141 Chestnut St
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) ( email )

c/o the Royal Academies of Belgium
Rue Ducale 1 Hertogsstraat
1000 Brussels
Belgium

Jared Williams

University of South Florida ( email )

Tampa, FL 33620
United States

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