The Goals of EU Competition Law: A Comprehensive Empirical Investigation

Legal Studies 2022

29 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2022

See all articles by Konstantinos Stylianou

Konstantinos Stylianou

University of Leeds - School of Law

Marios Iacovides

Uppsala University - Department of Business Studies

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 17, 2022

Abstract

For any field of law, the goal it was designed to achieve permeates every aspect of its application and interpretation. This is particularly true when the black letter of the law is cryptic and silent on most aspects of how it should be interpreted and applied, as is the case with competition law, which for the most part revolves around a small number of highly abstract provisions. It is only natural then that ample scholarly work has been devoted to identifying the goals and purposes of competition law. By and large these attempts have been textual, historical, and teleological. We introduce here instead a quantitative analysis of the case law and present the results of the first empirical study into the goals and purposes of EU competition law as they emerge from the entirety of the case law of the European Court of Justice, opinions of the Advocate Generals, Commission decisions, and speeches of Commissioners for Competition. This body of almost 4,000 sources paints a comprehensive picture of the underlying goals of EU competition law, and helps conclusively confirm some previous insights while debunking others, thereby helping to advance the present application and future evolution of competition law.

Keywords: EU competition law, competition law, antitrust, antitrust law, empirical research, EU law, merger control, CJEU, Court of Justice of the European Union, European Commission, Commission, Vestager, fairness, single market

JEL Classification: K21, K10

Suggested Citation

Stylianou, Konstantinos and Iacovides, Marios, The Goals of EU Competition Law: A Comprehensive Empirical Investigation (March 17, 2022). Legal Studies 2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4060346

Konstantinos Stylianou (Contact Author)

University of Leeds - School of Law ( email )

Leeds LS2 9JT
United Kingdom

Marios Iacovides

Uppsala University - Department of Business Studies ( email )

Box 513
Uppsala, SE-751 20
Sweden

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