The Effects of Incentivizing Early Prenatal Care on Infant Health

62 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2022

See all articles by Kamila Cygan-Rehm

Kamila Cygan-Rehm

Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories

Krzysztof Karbownik

Emory University - Department of Economics

Date Written: 2022

Abstract

We investigate the effects of incentivizing early prenatal care utilization on infant health by exploiting a reform that required expectant mothers to initiate prenatal care during the first ten weeks of gestation to obtain a one-time monetary transfer paid after childbirth. Applying a difference-in-differences design to individual-level data on the population of births and fetal deaths, we identify modest but statistically significant positive effects of the policy on neonatal health. We further provide suggestive evidence that improved maternal health-related knowledge and behaviors during pregnancy are plausible channels through which the reform might have affected fetal health.

Note:
Funding Information: Kamila Cygan-Rehm gratefully acknowledges funding by the Joachim Herz Stiftung.

Conflict of Interests: None.

Keywords: prenatal care, neonatal health, conditional cash transfers, prenatal care timing

JEL Classification: I120, I180, J130

Suggested Citation

Cygan-Rehm, Kamila and Karbownik, Krzysztof, The Effects of Incentivizing Early Prenatal Care on Infant Health (2022). CESifo Working Paper No. 9627, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4060522 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4060522

Kamila Cygan-Rehm (Contact Author)

Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories ( email )

3 Wilhelmsplatz
Bamberg, 96047
United States

Krzysztof Karbownik

Emory University - Department of Economics ( email )

1602 Fishburne Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

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