Placental Pathology from Covid-19 Recovered (Non-Acute) Patients
13 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2022
Placental pathology can identify characteristic features of specific infectious pathogens. The histopathology of acute SARS-CoV-2 placental infection and exposure without infection has been well described. However, whether the characteristic placental pathology persists after the acute phase of the infection is less clear. We retrospectively identified 67 COVID-19 recovered pregnant patients who had placental pathology available. After reviewing the gross and histopathology we categorized the findings and studied the placentas for evidence of chronic infection by immunohistochemistry for the Spike protein of the virus. We found these placentas showed significantly increased prevalence of maternal vascular malperfusion and trend towards increased prevalence of fetal vascular malperfusion pathologies when compared to a control group of placentas examined for the sole indication of maternal GBS colonization. None of the COVID-19 recovered placentas showed expression of the viral protein, therefore we found no evidence of persistent infection of the placenta in women with a history of COVID-19 during their pregnancy... We conclude that recovery from a SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy puts the pregnancy at risk for specific pathology.
Funding Information: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Declaration of Interests: The authors note no relevant conflicts.
Ethics Approval Statement: Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA institutional review board approval (2020P001116).
Keywords: COVID-19, placenta, maternal vascular malperfusion, fetal vascular malperfusion
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation