Myths of Phra Borommathat Chedi, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province: The Tale Types and Cultural Significance along the Thai Peninsula
12 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2022
Date Written: March 24, 2022
This article aims to investigate the tale type of myths of Phra Borommathat Chedi, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province and their cultural significance. Folklore methodology was employed in analyzing the myths from various documents and data from a field trip. Results showed that the tale type of the myths consisted of three main episodes: the carrying of the Buddha relics to Hat Sai Kaew, the establishment of Nakhon Si Thammarat Kingdom, and the creation of the Phra Borommathat Chedi. Different versions were found and they could be categorized into three groups: myths about the kingdom, myths about the Buddhist scriptures, and the legends of heroes. Moreover, it was found that significant events and elements of some myths were extended to become new myths using different language styles. In addition, the content contained cultural significance showing Theravada Buddhism propagation routes from Lanka to Southeast Asia, the faith of Buddhists in the Thai Peninsula towards Phra Borommathat Chedi, and the functions of myths of Phra Borommathat Chedi in the contemporary society. The extension of the content, reconstruction of meanings, and continuous use of the myths in various contexts reflected how Buddhists were inspired by their strong faith towards Phra Borommathat Chedi.Consequently, the content in each myth is common, but diverse simultaneously. In addition, the myths play new functions in this contemporary society.
Keywords: Myths of Phra Borommathat Chedi, Tale Types, Lankawong Theravada Buddhism,Thai Peninsula
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