Development and Validation of the Motivation to Avoid Food Waste Scale

43 Pages Posted: 28 Mar 2022

See all articles by Daphne Ribbers

Daphne Ribbers

Ghent University

Maggie Geuens

Ghent University - Department of Marketing, Innovation and Organisation

Mario Pandelaere

Virginia Tech

Erica van Herpen

Wageningen University

Abstract

Food waste is one of society’s biggest problems, with huge ecological, economic and social consequences. Hence, there is a necessity to derive a better insight in how consumers can be triggered to avoid food waste. Although it is generally known that motivations are important drivers of human behavior, limited attention has been paid to motivations in the food waste context and no viable measurement instrument exists that systematically takes into account the different motivations underlying the avoidance of food waste. Current scales related to food waste concern encompass attitude and awareness items only. The current paper aims to fill this gap and develops a 21-item motivation to avoid food waste (MAFW) scale. Since consumers may be driven by different motivations to avoid food waste, special attention is paid to the multidimensionality of food waste avoidance motivations. Specifically, the MAFW scale consists of four motivations: environmental, moral, financial and social motivations. Two studies demonstrate the scale’s internal reliability, test-retest reliability, and nomological validity. The MAFW scale fosters research into the genesis of consumers’ food waste behaviors, and can serve as a tool to segment and target (un)motivated consumers.

Keywords: environmental motivation, moral motivation, financial motivation, social motivation, consumer food waste

Suggested Citation

Ribbers, Mimi Davine Desirée and De Pelsmacker Geuens, Maggie and Pandelaere, Mario and van Herpen, Erica, Development and Validation of the Motivation to Avoid Food Waste Scale. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4068191 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4068191

Maggie De Pelsmacker Geuens

Ghent University - Department of Marketing, Innovation and Organisation ( email )

Ghent, 9000
Belgium

Mario Pandelaere

Virginia Tech ( email )

Blacksburg, VA 24061
United States

Erica Van Herpen

Wageningen University ( email )

Hollandseweg 1
Wageningen, 6706KN
Netherlands

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