Algorithmic Bias and the New Chicago School
Law, Innovation & Technology, Volume 14, Issue 1, 2022
19 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2022
Date Written: March 29, 2022
AI systems are increasingly deployed in both public and private sectors to independently make complicated decisions with far-reaching impact on individuals and the society. However, many AI algorithms are biased in the collection or processing of data, resulting in prejudiced decisions based on demographic features. Algorithmic biases occur because of the training data fed into the AI system or the design of algorithmic models. While most legal scholars propose a direct-regulation approach associated with right of explanation or transparency obligation, this article provides a diﬀerent picture regarding how indirect regulation can be used to regulate algorithmic bias based on the New Chicago School framework developed by Lawrence Lessig. This article concludes that an eﬀective regulatory approach toward algorithmic bias will be the right mixture of direct and indirect regulations through architecture, norms, market, and the law.
Keywords: algorithmic bias; automated decision making; artiﬁcial intelligence; explainable AI; New Chicago School
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