header

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Cardiovascular Disease Patients Outside Wuhan During the Lockdown in Wuhan, China: A Retrospective Study

30 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2022 Publication Status: Preprint

See all articles by Xia Yin

Xia Yin

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Nannan Xu

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Gang Wang

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ying Wang

Shandong University of Finance and Economics

Xiangzhu Meng

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Haihong Liu

Shandong University - Qilu Hospital

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to determine whether there has been any modification in cardiovascular outpatient, emergency and hospitalization outside Wuhan in China during the COVID-19 period.

Methods: The information of Internal Cardiac (IC), Emergency Cardiac (EC) and cardiology inpatients from the Shandong University Qilu Hospital were collected in 2020, 2018 and 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: The number of outpatients in the cardiology department has significantly decreased during the lockdown compared with the same period in 2018 / 2019( 3729 vs. 8352/8512, P<0.00). The hospitalization rate of Cardiac patients is higher in 202 (379/3729 vs. 694/8352, 685/3729, P<0.001). However, there was no significant change in the number of emergency patients. It is noteworthy that the mortality rate(p=0.043)of emergency patients increased significantly, while the hospitalization rate (P<0.001) and operation rate (P<0.001) decrease. The number of inpatients in cardiology department was lower in 2020(369 vs.1077/1110, P<0.001), while there was no difference in mortality (P=0.336) and operation rate (P=0.553).

Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic has brought indirect consequences to the healthcare system, with a significant decrease in the number of visits and hospitalizations of cardiovascular patients and a significant increase in mortality due to the COVID-19 pandemic. All other chronic diseases are likely to have similar consequences.

Funding Information: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Conflict of Interests: All authors report no conflicts of interest relevant to this article.

Ethical Approval: The study was carried out in accordance with the principles of Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Ethics Committee of Qilu Hospital. The document number was KYLL-202111-168.The current study was a retrospective study, thus the Ethics Committee abandoned the informed consent of the participants.

Keywords: COVID-19, cardiac, quarantine

Suggested Citation

Yin, Xia and Xu, Nannan and Wang, Gang and Wang, Ying and Meng, Xiangzhu and Liu, Haihong, Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Cardiovascular Disease Patients Outside Wuhan During the Lockdown in Wuhan, China: A Retrospective Study. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4071630 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4071630

Xia Yin

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Nannan Xu

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Gang Wang

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Ying Wang

Shandong University of Finance and Economics

Xiangzhu Meng

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Haihong Liu (Contact Author)

Shandong University - Qilu Hospital ( email )

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
29
Abstract Views
264
PlumX Metrics