The Inclusion of Anti-Corruption Clauses in International Investment Agreements and Its Possible Systemic Implications

Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 141-173, March 2022

34 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2022

See all articles by Yueming Yan

Yueming Yan

Singapore Management University

Date Written: March 30, 2022

Abstract

Empirical studies have demonstrated a recent trend of incorporating anti-corruption provisions into international investment and trade agreements. Some treaties, i.e. the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, include both substantive and procedural obligations such as establishing corruption as criminal offenses, promoting integrity among public officials, and raising public awareness of the threat of corruption. Others like Japan prefer to insert rather general and abstract provisions in its bilateral investment treaties, stating that they agree to take efforts to prevent and combat corruption without indicating specific measures. This article attempts to take a closer look at these anti-corruption provisions by examining their driving forces and main objectives. This article argues that the inclusion of anti-corruption provisions in investment treaties offers practical tools for investment arbitration tribunals in dealing with allegations of corruption frequently raised by the parties, enhances sustainable development of international investment policy, strikes a symmetric balance of interests between investors and host States, and attracts foreign investment flows.

Keywords: international investment law, sustainable development, anti-corruption provisions, investment arbitration, allegations of corruption

Suggested Citation

Yan, Yueming, The Inclusion of Anti-Corruption Clauses in International Investment Agreements and Its Possible Systemic Implications (March 30, 2022). Asian Journal of WTO & International Health Law and Policy, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 141-173, March 2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4071984

Yueming Yan (Contact Author)

Singapore Management University ( email )

Li Ka Shing Library
70 Stamford Road
Singapore 178901, 178899
Singapore

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