Explaining Vaccine Hesitancy: A COVID-19 Study of the United States

25 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2022

See all articles by Rajeev K. Goel

Rajeev K. Goel

Illinois State University - Department of Economics

James W. Saunoris

Eastern Michigan University

Date Written: 2022

Abstract

Using recent data on the unvaccinated across U.S. states, this paper focuses on the determinants of vaccine hesitancy related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Results show that more prosperous states and states with more elderly and physicians have lower vaccine hesitancy. There was some evidence of the significance of race, but internet access and history of other contagious diseases failed to make a difference. States with centralized health systems and those with mask mandates generally had a lower percentage of unvaccinated populations. Finally, the presence of Democrats in state legislatures tended to result in lower vaccination hesitancies, ceteris paribus.

Note:
Funding Information: Goel appreciates research support from the Katie School of Insurance.

Conflict of Interests: The authors declare that they have no relevant or material financial interests that relate to the research described in this paper.

Keywords: Covid-19, vaccination, vaccine hesitancy, pandemic, government, elderly, race religion, politics, United States

JEL Classification: D110, I180, K420

Suggested Citation

Goel, Rajeev K. and Saunoris, James W., Explaining Vaccine Hesitancy: A COVID-19 Study of the United States (2022). CESifo Working Paper No. 9658, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4072263 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4072263

Rajeev K. Goel (Contact Author)

Illinois State University - Department of Economics ( email )

Normal, IL 61790-4200
United States

James W. Saunoris

Eastern Michigan University ( email )

Eastern Michigan University
Ypsilanti, MI 48197
United States

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