Household Energy Choice in Kenya: An Empirical Analysis of the Energy Ladder Hypothesis

Journal of Energy Research and Reviews 10(4): 12-19, 2022

8 Pages Posted: 1 May 2022

See all articles by David Waweru

David Waweru

The Technical University of Kenya

Naftaly Mose

University of Eldoret

Shem Otieno

Egerton University

Date Written: April 1, 2022

Abstract

This paper investigates the odd ratio of selecting clean verses unclean source of energy as the main household fuel choice in urban areas using logistic functions through modelling of a binary dependent variable. Also, the research examines the important determinants of household fuel choice in urban Kenya. The data was obtained from KIPPRA’s data set on patterns of fuel use in Kenya. The study analysis was informed by energy ladder hypothesis and consumer behavior theory as the theoretical framework. Multinomial logistic estimation model was used to investigate the choices households make and patterns of cooking fuels in urban areas. From regression results income of household, cost of fuel and socio-economic factors were identified as the main factors explaining house fuel choice decisions. To accelerate use of clean residential fuel, the policymakers and government must carry out public education campaign, and ensure the accessibility and affordability of these fuels in urban areas to avoid harmful effects such as pollution and health problems fuelled by kerosene and biomass.

Keywords: Choice of fuel, pollution, health, income, energy ladder hypothesis, socio-economic

JEL Classification: D15, C55, Q42, Q41

Suggested Citation

Waweru, David and Mose, Naftaly and Otieno, Shem, Household Energy Choice in Kenya: An Empirical Analysis of the Energy Ladder Hypothesis (April 1, 2022). Journal of Energy Research and Reviews 10(4): 12-19, 2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4072276

David Waweru (Contact Author)

The Technical University of Kenya ( email )

P.O.Box 52428
Nairobi, Nairobi County 00200
Kenya

Naftaly Mose

University of Eldoret ( email )

P. O Box 1125
Eldoret, 30200
Kenya

Shem Otieno

Egerton University

Biashara Kilimo Road
Njoro
Kenya

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