How Important Are Semi-Annual Earnings Announcements? An Information Event Perspective

41 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2022 Last revised: 15 Feb 2023

See all articles by Stephen L. Taylor

Stephen L. Taylor

University of Technology Sydney; Financial Research Network (FIRN)

Alex Tong

University of Technology Sydney (UTS)

Date Written: April 1, 2022

Abstract

Using a method that avoids the need to specify earnings expectations (Ball and Shivakumar 2008), we demonstrate that the period surrounding the semi-annual announcement of Australian firms’ earnings is, on average, an important source of information. Although there is substantial year-to-year variation, we observe no evidence of any significant time trend, and also conclude that a shift from Australian domestic GAAP to IFRS did not impact the association between earnings announcement windows and stock returns. We also find no evidence that the informativeness of earnings announcements varies systematically with firm size, analyst following or economic news (i.e., positive versus negative stock returns, profits versus losses), although we do observe significant variation across industries. Our conclusion is further supported by contrasting the earnings release date with the days immediately prior to release, or high information days other than earnings announcement windows. Using a more precise event window relative to prior studies (i.e., three hours versus three days), we confirm that earnings announcements contain significant new information about fundamentals.

Keywords: Earnings announcements, information content.

JEL Classification: M41, G34

Suggested Citation

Taylor, Stephen L. and Tong, Alex, How Important Are Semi-Annual Earnings Announcements? An Information Event Perspective (April 1, 2022). AASB Research Centre Working Paper 3, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4074170 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4074170

Stephen L. Taylor (Contact Author)

University of Technology Sydney ( email )

UTS Business School
PO Box 123 Broadway
Sydney, NSW 2007
Australia
61295143437 (Phone)
61295143513 (Fax)

Financial Research Network (FIRN)

C/- University of Queensland Business School
St Lucia 4071 Brisbane
Queensland
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://www.firn.org.au

Alex Tong

University of Technology Sydney (UTS) ( email )

15 Broadway, Ultimo
PO Box 123
Sydney, NSW 2007
Australia

Do you have negative results from your research you’d like to share?

Paper statistics

Downloads
98
Abstract Views
462
Rank
479,898
PlumX Metrics