Development and Evaluation of a Human Machine Interface to Support Mode Awareness in Different Automated Driving Modes

46 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2022

See all articles by Angelica Maria Tinga

Angelica Maria Tinga

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ilse M. van Zeumeren

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Michiel Christoph

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Elmer van Grondelle

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Diane Cleij

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Anna Aldea

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Nicole van Nes

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract

With increasing implementation of automated driving technology it is expected that different automation modes will be present within the same vehicle and within a single trip. At all times during automated driving the driver needs to have ‘mode awareness’, which is an understanding of the automation mode and the corresponding responsibilities. Yet, research on HMI design to support mode awareness for multiple automation modes within a single vehicle and within a single trip is currently limited. The current work describes the development and evaluation of a Human Machine Interface (HMI) to support mode awareness while driving in different automation modes. The work exists of three phases: Phase 1 defines functional requirements for HMI design based on literature review and 5 experimental studies including 146 participants. Phase 2 implements the functional requirements in HMI design through expert and focus group sessions. Phase 3 evaluates and improves upon the HMI design employing virtual reality and the RITE (Rapid Iterative Testing and Evaluation) method with 18 participants. The result is a continuous and holistic HMI design creating mode awareness through ambience. Findings indicate that this HMI is comprehended well, with a relatively low task load, and with a good experienced system usability. It is important to additionally evaluate the HMI design resulting from the current study in driving simulators and in on-road tests. Such tests will provide an opportunity to verify and expand on the current study’s findings and to contribute to guidelines for HMI design.

Keywords: HMI, automated driving, mode awareness, human factors in vehicle automation, rapid iterative testing and evaluation, holistic design

Suggested Citation

Tinga, Angelica Maria and van Zeumeren, Ilse M. and Christoph, Michiel and van Grondelle, Elmer and Cleij, Diane and Aldea, Anna and van Nes, Nicole, Development and Evaluation of a Human Machine Interface to Support Mode Awareness in Different Automated Driving Modes. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4074806 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4074806

Angelica Maria Tinga (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

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Ilse M. Van Zeumeren

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Michiel Christoph

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Elmer Van Grondelle

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Diane Cleij

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Anna Aldea

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

Nicole Van Nes

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

No Address Available

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