On the Non-discrimination Principles in Digital Trade

21 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2022 Last revised: 21 Jul 2023

See all articles by Jeongmeen Suh

Jeongmeen Suh

Soongsil University

Joo Hyoung Lee

Supreme Court of Korea

Jaeyoun Roh

Yeungnam University

Date Written: July 21, 2023


What do the provisions on the non-discrimination principle (“the principles”) in digital trade mean under trade agreements, especially in the absence of a clear international consensus on the subject of the principles? To answer this question, this study first identifies the issues related to the application of the principles in digital trade and presents a theoretical framework to explain how the principles can affect digital trade despite such issues. Using various data sources such as digital trade flows, the inclusion of the principles in digital trade agreements, and digital trade barriers, we empirically test the hypotheses constructed from our theoretical framework. We find that inclusion of the principles in the trade agreements is more likely to increase digital trade flows. Moreover, though digital trade barriers decrease digital trade flows, this negative effect can be mitigated when the principles are more clearly defined in the trade agreements.

Keywords: digital trade, non-discrimination principle, digital trade agreement, digital trade barriers

JEL Classification: F10, F13, F14

Suggested Citation

Suh, Jeongmeen and Lee, Joo Hyoung and Roh, Jaeyoun, On the Non-discrimination Principles in Digital Trade (July 21, 2023). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4077393 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4077393

Jeongmeen Suh

Soongsil University ( email )

369 Sangdo-Ro, Dongjak-gu
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Joo Hyoung Lee

Supreme Court of Korea ( email )

eastwing #545
Seocho-daero219 Seocho-gu
Seoul, 06590
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
821036193595 (Phone)
8225333191 (Fax)

Jaeyoun Roh (Contact Author)

Yeungnam University ( email )

Daehak-ro 280, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongsangbuk-do Gyeo
Republic of Korea
KS 38541
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics