The Rule of Law in the EU: Crisis – Differentiation – Conditionality

BRIDGE Network Working Paper No. 20 (2022)

19 Pages Posted: 27 Apr 2022

See all articles by Renata Uitz

Renata Uitz

Central European University (CEU)

Date Written: April 11, 2022


The EU’s decade-long rule of law crisis has normalized into an everyday constitutional and political experience. The lens of differentiated governance calls for a close inquiry into the legal and political dynamics -- processes, incentive structures and inter-institutional conflicts -- that are consequential for the future of the Union as a ‘community of values and of laws.’ Tracing the debate on financial sanctions (budgetary conditionality) in the broader context of the rule of law crisis, this article argues that the future of Europe hinges on attributing practical, political and legal significance to the founding values set forth in Article 2 TEU. Without respect for these founding values differentiated governance as a set of political or legal practices and as an academic-intellectual project has no purpose or endpoint.

Keywords: Article 2 TEU, conditionality, crisis, differentiation, rule of law. values

Suggested Citation

Uitz, Renata, The Rule of Law in the EU: Crisis – Differentiation – Conditionality (April 11, 2022). BRIDGE Network Working Paper No. 20 (2022), Available at SSRN: or

Renata Uitz (Contact Author)

Central European University (CEU) ( email )

Nador utca 9
Budapest, H-1051

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