COVID-19 and Entrepreneurial Processes in U.S. Equity Crowdfunding
Journal of Small Business Management 2022
42 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2022
Date Written: March 21, 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic brought about a shift in entrepreneurial opportunities in the United States. In this paper, we proxy entrepreneurial processes by examining housing prices in different regions of the United States. Housing prices capture the movement in people, tax dynamics, and behavioral preferences for equity ownership in different regions and over time, all of which were drastically impacted by COVID-19. We examine all U.S. equity crowdfunding offerings starting with the very first offerings in 2016 Q2 until 2021 Q1 based on data from the Securities and Exchange Commission. The data indicate that regional housing prices post the start of COVID-19 are a strong predictor of the number of equity crowdfunding campaigns and the amount of capital raised. Also, the impact of housing price changes on crowdfunding is more pronounced among more prosperous regions. The housing price effect is robust to numerous controls and consideration of outliers.
Keywords: Equity Crowdfunding, COVID-19, Regional Entrepreneurship
JEL Classification: G21, G28, G51
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation