The Euro Area Government Spending Multiplier in Demand- and Supply-Driven Recessions
26 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2022
Date Written: 2022
We estimate government spending multipliers in demand- and supply-driven recessions for the Euro Area. Multipliers in a moderately demand-driven recession are 2-3 times larger than in a moderately supply-driven recession, with the difference between multipliers being non-zero with very high probability. More generally, multipliers are inversely correlated with the deviation of inflation from its trend, implying that the more demand-driven a recession, the higher the multiplier. Median multipliers range from -0.5 in supply-driven recessions to about 2 in demand-driven recessions. The econometric approach leverages a factor-augmented interacted vector-autoregression model purified of expectations (FAIPVAR-X). The model captures the time-varying state of the business-cycle including strongly and moderately demand- and supply-driven recessions, by taking the whole distribution of inflation deviations from trend into account.
Keywords: fiscal multiplier, business cycle, interacted panel VAR, factor models, Euro Area
JEL Classification: C320, C330, C380, E320, E620
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