Censuras / Censures (DCH)

30 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2022 Last revised: 6 Jul 2022

Date Written: February 23, 2022

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: Este artículo describe la doctrina relativa a las penas canónicas conocidas como censuras. Se trata fundamentalmente de tres modalidades diversas de sanción para delitos cometidos en el contexto del fuero eclesiástico: excomunión (excommunicatio), suspensión (suspensio) y entredicho (interdictio). La doctrina sobre las censuras, luego de experimentar un auge importante durante el medioevo tardío, debido en parte a la coyuntura religioso-política del periodo, fue ampliamente sistematizada y comentada por teólogos y juristas durante la temprana edad moderna. Es durante este proceso que, a raíz de la expansión colonial americana, numerosos tratadistas se ocupan de su aplicación en los diversos espacios de las Indias. En particular, se suscitaron controversias relacionadas con el empleo de excomuniones en las numerosas confrontaciones entre las autoridades civiles y religiosas, así como en las interacciones con las sociedades indígenas, el accionar del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición, y, por supuesto, la implantación de las normativas emanadas desde el Concilio de Trento.

English Abstract: This article describes the doctrine concerning the canonical penalties known as censures. There are basically three different types of punishment for crimes committed in the context of the ecclesiastical jurisdiction: excommunication (excommunicatio), suspension (suspensio) and interdict (interdictio). After experiencing an important boom during the Late Middle Ages - in part due to the religious-political situation of the period -, the doctrine on censures was widely systematized and commented on by theologians and jurists during the Early Modern Period. In the course of this process, and as a result of the colonial expansion in America, numerous writers dealt with its application in the Spanish American territories. In particular, controversies arose related to the use of excommunications in the numerous confrontations between civil and religious authorities, as well as in interactions with indigenous people, the activities of the Holy Office of the Inquisition, and, of course, the implementation of regulations issued by the Council of Trent.

Keywords: canonical penalties, excommunication, suspension, interdict, history of canon law

Suggested Citation

Chuecas Saldías, Ignacio, Censuras / Censures (DCH) (February 23, 2022). Max Planck Institute for Legal History and Legal Theory Research Paper Series No. 2022-09, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4089297 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4089297

Ignacio Chuecas Saldías (Contact Author)

Finis Terrae University ( email )

Pedro de valdivia 1509
Providencia Santiago
Chile

HOME PAGE: http://https://cidoc.uft.cl/quienes-somos/ignacio-chuecas/

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