The Impact of COVID-19 Containment Lockdowns on MSMEs in India and Resilience of Exporting Firms
52 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2022 Last revised: 27 Dec 2022
Date Written: April 21, 2022
This study uses data from a survey of micro, small, and medium enterprises in India to document the impact of COVID-19 containment lockdowns on firms, their responses, and adaptation strategies. We find that profits and sales of the majority of firms declined substantially. Temporary closures, pay cuts, and temporary lay-offs were the key measures utilized by firms to cope with the shock. Firms did not have adequate liquidity to last beyond six months, albeit the majority expected the pandemic to be over within that period. Micro-enterprises were the most fragile. Using a retrospective panel and matching-based difference-in-differences strategy, we show that exporting firms were able to cushion themselves from the domestic market contractions resulting from the lockdown.
Keywords: COVID-19, Pandemics, MSMEs, Export, India
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