Re-trading and Efficient Allocation

14 Pages Posted: 5 May 2022 Last revised: 11 Sep 2022

See all articles by Keith Jin Deng Chan

Keith Jin Deng Chan

The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Date Written: April 30, 2022


Inefficient allocations are prevalent in Markov-perfect equilibria (MPE) of dynamic matching and bargaining games even as friction vanishes. I argue the collection of inefficiency results is associated with the omission of repeated intermediation in the literature. In response, this paper studies a simple heterogeneous market with a finite number of players, where each player can re-trade as many times as they want, and exit the market at any time. I show that, for small search cost, all MPE are allocative efficient. The reasoning is conceptually distinct from the existing literature, and indispensable to analyzing models where players are allowed to exit the market amidst the game.

Keywords: Bargaining, re-trading, markov-perfect equilibrium, matching markets, allocative efficiency

JEL Classification: C72, C78, D5

Suggested Citation

Chan, Keith Jin Deng, Re-trading and Efficient Allocation (April 30, 2022). Available at SSRN: or

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