Quantum Impact and the Supply-Demand Curve

16 Pages Posted: 10 May 2022 Last revised: 26 May 2023

Date Written: May 4, 2022


Perhaps the best-known result from neoclassical economics is the “law of supply and demand”, which depicts markets using curves of supply and demand that intersect at a unique equilibrium. However because it is impossible to separate out supply and demand in practice, the model has little in the way of empirical backing. In finance, in contrast, the related question of price impact, where a large transaction results in a changed price, has been widely studied. This paper uses a quantum probabilistic approach to derive a model of price impact which can be extended to the general question of supply and demand. A model based on classical probability is first used to obtain a price curve, and this is modified in the quantum version to give a similar result that better captures the response of the system to perturbations.

Keywords: quantum economics, quantum finance, supply and demand, price impact, entropic force, quantum harmonic oscillator

JEL Classification: G10, G12

Suggested Citation

Orrell, David, Quantum Impact and the Supply-Demand Curve (May 4, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4100792 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4100792

David Orrell (Contact Author)

Systems Forecasting ( email )


HOME PAGE: http://www.systemsforecasting.com

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics