Quantum Impact and the Supply-Demand Curve
16 Pages Posted: 10 May 2022 Last revised: 26 May 2023
Date Written: May 4, 2022
Perhaps the best-known result from neoclassical economics is the “law of supply and demand”, which depicts markets using curves of supply and demand that intersect at a unique equilibrium. However because it is impossible to separate out supply and demand in practice, the model has little in the way of empirical backing. In finance, in contrast, the related question of price impact, where a large transaction results in a changed price, has been widely studied. This paper uses a quantum probabilistic approach to derive a model of price impact which can be extended to the general question of supply and demand. A model based on classical probability is first used to obtain a price curve, and this is modified in the quantum version to give a similar result that better captures the response of the system to perturbations.
Keywords: quantum economics, quantum finance, supply and demand, price impact, entropic force, quantum harmonic oscillator
JEL Classification: G10, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation