The Valuation of the Foreign Income of U.S. Multinational Firms: A Growth Opportunities Perspective
32 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 1997
Date Written: March 1997
This paper looks at the issue of value-relevance of foreign earnings for U.S. multinational. It does this by examining the associations between annual abnormal stock performance and changes in firms' domestic and foreign incomes for 2570 firm-year observations between 1985 and 1993. We find that both foreign and domestic earnings changes have significant positive associations with annual excess returns measures. Moreover, the association coefficient on foreign income is significantly larger than the association coefficient on domestic income. This indicates that foreign earnings disclosures are value-relevant and suggests that firm value is more sensitive to foreign earnings than domestic earnings.
We demonstrate this larger association coefficient for foreign income is consistent with differences in growth opportunities between domestic and foreign operations and not a result of exchange rate influences on foreign income. To further support the growth opportunity interpretation of the results, we demonstrate that larger foreign association coefficients are not the result of methodological problems such as differences in the timing of foreign versus domestic earnings recognition or misspecification in the earnings expectation process.
JEL Classification: M41, G12, M44
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation