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How Flexible Electrification Can Integrate Fluctuating Renewables

21 Pages Posted: 10 May 2022 Publication Status: Review Complete

See all articles by Leonard Göke

Leonard Göke

TU Berlin - Workgroup for Infrastructure Policy (WIP)

Jens Weibezahn

TU Berlin - Workgroup for Infrastructure Policy (WIP); Copenhagen Business School - Copenhagen School of Energy Infrastructure (CSEI)

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Abstract

Supply and demand for electricity are central to the decarbonisation of the energy system. To replace fossil fuels, supply of electricity must shift to wind and solar, but due to their variability, fully renewable supply poses a challenge. On the other hand, additional demand for electricity arises to cut emissions in the heating, transport, or industry sector. We analyze how additional demand from these sectors can be flexible to support the integration of fluctuating renewables on the supply-side. The analysis builds on a macro-energy system model with an extensive scope to cover all sectors and high spatio-temporal detail to capture the variability of renewables. Results show that flexible electrification can efficiently provide a major share of system flexibility if incentivized by regulation. Especially electricity demand for the production of hydrogen is flexible, if hydrogen pipelines and storages are deployed to match production with final consumption.

Keywords: macro-energy systems, sector integration, RENEWABLE ENERGY, Decarbonization, flexibility, integrated energy system

Suggested Citation

Göke, Leonard and Weibezahn, Jens, How Flexible Electrification Can Integrate Fluctuating Renewables. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4105876 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4105876
This version of the paper has not been formally peer reviewed.

Leonard Göke (Contact Author)

TU Berlin - Workgroup for Infrastructure Policy (WIP)

Jens Weibezahn

TU Berlin - Workgroup for Infrastructure Policy (WIP) ( email )

Straße des 17. Juni 135
Berlin, 10623
Germany

Copenhagen Business School - Copenhagen School of Energy Infrastructure (CSEI) ( email )

Porcelænshaven 16A
Frederiksberg, 2000
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://www.csei.eu

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