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Awareness and Incidence of Sickle Cell Disease Among Nursing Undergraduates in Farasan Island, KSA: Its Interference with Malaria

40 Pages Posted: 16 May 2022

See all articles by Shabihul Fatma Sayed

Shabihul Fatma Sayed

Jazan University - Department of Nursing

Sumathi Nagarajan

Jazan University - Department of Nursing

Amani Awad Elkareem

Jazan University - Department of Nursing

More...

Abstract

Aim: Present study was conducted to generate data on awareness and incidence of sickle cell disease (SCD) and also to adduce for the widespread myths peddled about SCD.Materials and

Methods: Students studying in Department of Nursing were recruited. Pre-tested, self-administered sickle cell assessment questionnaire was distributed electronically through WhatsApp group to collect necessary data. Participants were screened for malaria by thin blood smears analyses and their Hb contents (g/dL) were determined by Sahli’s haemoglobinometer. Statistical analyses were done using Origin (version 8.1, USA). Reliability study was performed for validity of questionnaire data.

Results: Study participants had significantly high awareness regarding SCDs (89.9%, P<0.001). Most participants (96.3%) were aware about Government policy regarding premarital screening for genetic disorders and replied that Government has strict health policies backed by equally robust laboratory diagnostics. Moreover, none of the participants had SCDs although their parents had consanguineous marriage. Thin blood smears analyses of participants did not reveal any cases of Plasmodium falciparum. However, significant percentages (33.1%) were found to be anemic probably due to their dietary habits and lifestyles as has been reflected by questionnaire analyses. Furthermore, very less number of students had knowledge about genetic variations that might occur in malaria-endemic regions after long exposure to offer protection from malaria. Knowledge about management practices were also lacking among study participants (29%).

Conclusion: This research points to the necessity that Nursing Study Plan should focus on providing specific training on management skills and preventive measures for SCDs which is of paramount importance.

Funding: The study is not funded from any government or private sources.

Declaration of Interest: There is no conflict of interest among the authors.

Ethical Approval: This study was approved by the Head of Ethical Committee of the Jazan University.

Keywords: SCDs, Nursing undergraduates, Awareness, incidence, malaria, Plasmodium falciparum

Suggested Citation

Sayed, Shabihul Fatma and Nagarajan, Sumathi and Elkareem, Amani Awad, Awareness and Incidence of Sickle Cell Disease Among Nursing Undergraduates in Farasan Island, KSA: Its Interference with Malaria. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4111162 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4111162

Shabihul Fatma Sayed (Contact Author)

Jazan University - Department of Nursing ( email )

Sumathi Nagarajan

Jazan University - Department of Nursing ( email )

Saudi Arabia

Amani Awad Elkareem

Jazan University - Department of Nursing ( email )

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