Desigualdade Racial nas Eleições Brasileiras (Racial Inequality in Brazilian Elections)

101 Pages Posted: 19 May 2022 Last revised: 1 Jun 2022

See all articles by Sergio Firpo

Sergio Firpo

Insper

Michael França

Insper

Alysson Portella

Insper Institute of Education and Research

Rafael Tavares

FEA-USP

Date Written: May 17, 2022

Abstract

English Abstract: Using data from Brazilian elections for federal and state legislative chambers from 2014 and 2018, we investigated the measure of racial balance in descriptive representation, that is, how much candidates and elected representatives reflect the racial composition of the population. We construct a Racial Balance Index (RBI) that aims to compare the percentage of black candidates and elected representatives with their percentage in the electorate. We analyze this index at the national and state levels, as well as within parties, also taking into account their ideological position. The results indicate some racial balance with respect to candidacies, but a high imbalance when we consider the elected representatives. To complement the analysis, we also investigated racial disparities in access to campaign resources. We found that not only do black candidates receive fewer resources on average, but these resources are more concentrated among them.

Note: Downloadable document is in Portuguese.

Keywords: race, gender, political inequality

JEL Classification: D00, D63, J15

Suggested Citation

Firpo, Sergio and França, Michael and Portella, Alysson and Tavares, Rafael, Desigualdade Racial nas Eleições Brasileiras (Racial Inequality in Brazilian Elections) (May 17, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4111691 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4111691

Sergio Firpo

Insper ( email )

R Quata 300
Sao Paulo, 04542-030
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/sergiopfirpo/

Michael França (Contact Author)

Insper ( email )

R Quata 300
Sao Paulo, 04542-030
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/alumni.usp.br/michael

Alysson Portella

Insper Institute of Education and Research ( email )

R Quata 300
Sao Paulo, 04542-030
Brazil

Rafael Tavares

FEA-USP ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto 908
São Paulo SP, São Paulo 05508-900
Brazil

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