Institutions and Conflict

47 Pages Posted: 20 May 2022 Last revised: 31 May 2022

See all articles by Chandan Kumar Jha

Chandan Kumar Jha

Le Moyne College

Bibhudutta Panda

University of Minnesota - Morris - Division of Social Sciences

Santosh Kumar Sahu

IIT Madras, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences

Date Written: April 2022

Abstract

The literature examining the effect of institutions on the spread of conflict remains scarce despite 100 civilians being killed in armed conflicts every day as per United Nations statistics. We employ the two-part model to study the effect of institutions on the spread of conflict in 190 countries from 2000 to 2016. We find that a better rule of law lowers the spread of conflict by increasing the cost of violence for perpetrators. Next, conditional on the conflict being present, countries with weaker corruption control experience a lower spread of conflict. Consistent with the “grease the wheels” hypothesis, this finding suggests that victimized groups use bribery to protect themselves against violence. Finally, press freedom reduces the spread of conflict by promoting government accountability, with the effect being higher in countries with greater internet penetration. Our findings highlight the roles of the government and civil society in preventing the loss of lives due to conflicts.

Keywords: conflict, corruption, institutions, internet, rule of law, press freedom

JEL Classification: D73, D74, D83, L86

Suggested Citation

Jha, Chandan Kumar and Panda, Bibhudutta and Sahu, Santosh Kumar, Institutions and Conflict (April 2022). Economic Modelling, 113: 105894 (2022), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4112659 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4112659

Chandan Kumar Jha (Contact Author)

Le Moyne College ( email )

Syracuse, NY 13214
United States

Bibhudutta Panda

University of Minnesota - Morris - Division of Social Sciences ( email )

600 E 4th St
Morris, MN 56267
United States

Santosh Kumar Sahu

IIT Madras, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences ( email )

Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600036
India

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