Time for Clean Energy? Cleaner Fuels and Women's Time in Home Production

57 Pages Posted: 19 May 2022 Last revised: 30 Nov 2022

See all articles by Farzana Afridi

Farzana Afridi

Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi - Indian Statistical Institute

Sisir Debnath

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Taryn Dinkelman

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics

Komal Sareen

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Abstract

In much of the developing world, cooking accounts for most of women's time in home production. Does reliance on biomass for cooking drive this time burden? To assess time-savings from shifting towards cleaner fuels, we revisit a clean energy information experiment in rural India. Treatment villages were randomly assigned to receive information about negative health effects of cooking with solid fuels and about public subsidies for cleaner Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG). Using rich time use data and a propensity score matching approach, we estimate that switching towards cleaner cooking fuels could potentially save 19-20 minutes of home production time per day. Exploiting the randomized information nudge and endline data collected one year after the intervention, our intent-to-treat estimate of actual time saved is 5 minutes per day. We discuss why nudges towards cleaner energy use at home are unlikely to generate transformative shifts in women's home production time.

Keywords: energy use, home production, time use, India

JEL Classification: O13, J22

Suggested Citation

Afridi, Farzana and Debnath, Sisir and Dinkelman, Taryn and Sareen, Komal, Time for Clean Energy? Cleaner Fuels and Women's Time in Home Production. IZA Discussion Paper No. 15120, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4114679

Farzana Afridi (Contact Author)

Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi - Indian Statistical Institute

New Delhi
New Delhi, 110016
India

Sisir Debnath

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi ( email )

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences
Hauz Khas
New Delhi, DE Delhi 110016
India

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/a/virginia.edu/sisir-debnath

Taryn Dinkelman

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics ( email )

Hanover, NH 03755
United States

Komal Sareen

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Department of Management Studies, Vishwakarma Bhaw
Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg, Hauz Khas
New Delhi, DE 110016
India

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