Maternal Displacements During Pregnancy and the Health of Newborns

59 Pages Posted: 19 May 2022

See all articles by Stefano Cellini

Stefano Cellini

University of Surrey

Livia Menezes

University of Birmingham

Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner

University of Surrey

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

In this paper, we estimate the effect of maternal displacements during pregnancy on birth outcomes by leveraging population-level administrative data from Brazil on formal employment linked to birth records. We find that involuntary job separation of pregnant single mothers leads to a decrease in birth weight (BW) by around 28 grams (-1% ca.) and an increase in the incidence of low BW by 10.5%. In contrast, we find a significant positive effect on the mean BW and a decrease in the incidence of low BW for mothers in a marriage or stable union. We document more pronounced negative effects for single mothers with lower earnings and no effect for mothers in the highest income quartile, suggesting a mitigating role of self-insurance from savings. Exploiting variation from unemployment benefits eligibility, we also provide evidence on the mitigating role of formal unemployment insurance using a Regression Discontinuity design exploiting the cutoff from the unemployment insurance eligibility rule.

Keywords: dismissals, birth outcomes, informal insurance, unemployment insurance

JEL Classification: D14, I10, J65

Suggested Citation

Cellini, Stefano and Menezes, Livia and Foureaux Koppensteiner, Martin, Maternal Displacements During Pregnancy and the Health of Newborns. IZA Discussion Paper No. 15155, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4114714 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4114714

Stefano Cellini (Contact Author)

University of Surrey ( email )

Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH
United Kingdom
07857027138 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.surrey.ac.uk/people/stefano-cellini

Livia Menezes

University of Birmingham ( email )

Edgbaston, B15 2TT
United Kingdom

Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner

University of Surrey ( email )

Guildford
Guildford, GU2 5XH
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
22
Abstract Views
205
PlumX Metrics