Mother Africa's Exceptionalism? Income and Fertility Redux

45 Pages Posted: 19 May 2022

See all articles by Mark Gradstein

Mark Gradstein

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Phoebe Ishak

Aix Marseille University

Abstract

We revisit the effect of long run income growth on population fertility in some of the poorest countries in the world. Causal inference is enabled through proxying income windfalls by oil price shocks in oil rich versus oil poor provinces. Using various fertility measures as outcomes, we find that long run income growth significantly and robustly reduces fertility. Further analysis suggests that young women's fertility is particularly affected and that women's education; age of marriage, and the age of first birth, but not the use of contraceptives, are among the important mechanisms.

Keywords: economic development, population fertility, Africa

JEL Classification: I15, J113, O15, O47

Suggested Citation

Gradstein, Mark and Ishak, Phoebe, Mother Africa's Exceptionalism? Income and Fertility Redux. IZA Discussion Paper No. 15265, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4114848 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4114848

Mark Gradstein (Contact Author)

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Department of Economics ( email )

Beer-Sheva 84105
Israel
+97 2 8647 2288 (Phone)
+97 2 8647 2941 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.cesifo.de

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Phoebe Ishak

Aix Marseille University ( email )

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