Flood Risk Quantification and Mapping: An Integrated Vulnerability-Based Approach at the Local Scale in New Brunswick, Canada
38 Pages Posted: 21 May 2022
This paper explores the risk approach, considering both the physical and human dimensions of the phenomenon in order to produce a more realistic and spatial analysis of risk. Exposure and vulnerability were combined and evaluated multidimensionally, considering individual, socio-economic, and structural (building-related) aspects. These risk factors were then integrated in a multi-criteria analysis in order to produce a comprehensive risk index that could be visualized at the building scale. The relative importance of the indicators was determined through a participatory process involving local and national experts on civil security and flooding. Particular attention was paid to individual vulnerability, including perception and preparedness for flood risk, which were explored directly with local people using a questionnaire. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the responses allowed for a better understanding of the perception and preparedness of populations exposed to flooding. These data should help to improve risk communication between the authorities concerned and the populations at risk, as well as encouraging implementation of appropriate measures and a bottom-up participatory management approach. The integration of data in a geographic information system enables the visualization and spatialization of risk, but also each of its components.
Keywords: Flood, Vulnerability, Risk Perception, Preparedness, Risk Communication
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation