Cross-Border Central Bank Digital Currencies, Bank Runs and Capital Flows Volatility
43 Pages Posted: 24 May 2022
Date Written: May 1, 2022
Central banks around the world are increasingly exploring central bank digital currencies (CBDCs). This paper investigates the possible impacts of cross-border CBDCs on capital flows and financial stability in a simple open economy extension of a classical model of bank runs, augmented with the presence of a credible foreign central bank, which issues an account-based interest bearing CBDC available to nonresidents. The paper finds that the presence of a foreign CBDC which acts as an international safe asset may increase the risk of financial disintermediation in the domestic banking sector, which can be accompanied by higher and more volatile capital flows.
Keywords: Central bank digital currency, CBDC, capital flows, open-economy, financial stability, deposit contract, capital flows volatility, cross-border CBDCs, model of bank runs, CBDC deposit, CBDC issuer, Central Bank digital currencies, Commercial banks, Foreign banks, Bank deposits, Capital account, Global
JEL Classification: E50, E58, F50, G21, E42, F32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation