The Relevance of Banks to the European Stock Market

44 Pages Posted: 24 May 2022

See all articles by Andreas Kick

Andreas Kick

University of Regensburg

Horst Rottmann

University of Applied Sciences Amberg-Weiden

Date Written: 2022


Banks have always played an ambivalent role in financial markets. On the one hand, they provide essential services for the market; on the other hand, problems in the banking sector can send shock waves through the entire economy. Given this prominent role, it is not surprising that Pereira and Rua (2018) found that the health of the banking sector exerts an influence on stock returns in the US. Understanding the relationship between banks and their impact on the asset prices of non-financials is essential to evaluate the risk emanating from an unhealthy banking sector and should be considered in new regulatory requirements. The aim of this study is to determine if the health of European banks is of such importance for the European stock market so that spillover effects are visible. Our results show that none of our banking-health variables have explanatory power on the cross-section of European stock returns. These findings contrast those for the US. The reasons may be manifold, from an unimportant liquidity provisioning channel over reduced room for actions due to regulatory requirements up to a moral hazard situation in Europe, where investors strongly rely on the governmental bailouts of distressed banks.

Keywords: asset pricing, banking, spillover, errors-in-variables, individual stocks, distance-to-default

JEL Classification: G120, G210

Suggested Citation

Kick, Andreas and Rottmann, Horst, The Relevance of Banks to the European Stock Market (2022). CESifo Working Paper No. 9752, Available at SSRN: or

Andreas Kick (Contact Author)

University of Regensburg ( email )

93040 Regensburg
D-93040 Regensburg, 93053

Horst Rottmann

University of Applied Sciences Amberg-Weiden ( email )

Hetzenrichter Weg 15
96215 Lichtenfels

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