Distributed Connected Automated Vehicles Control Under Real‐Time Aggregated Macroscopic Car Following Behavior Estimation Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning
30 Pages Posted: 25 May 2022
This paper proposes an innovative distributed longitudinal control strategy for connected automated vehicles (CAVs) in the mixed traffic environment of CAV and human‐driven vehicles (HDVs), incorporating high‐dimensional platoon information. For mixed traffic, the traditional CAV control method focuses on microscopic trajectory information, which may not be efficient in handling the HDV stochasticity (e.g., long reaction time; various driving styles) and mixed traffic heterogeneities. Different from traditional methods, our method, for the first time, characterizes consecutive HDVs as a whole (i.e., AHDV) to reduce the HDV stochasticity and utilize its macroscopic features to control the following CAVs. The new control strategy takes advantage of platoon information to anticipate the disturbances and traffic features induced downstream under mixed traffic scenarios and greatly outperforms the traditional methods. In particular, the control algorithm is based on deep reinforcement learning (DRL) to fulfill car‐following control efficiency and further address the stochasticity for the aggregated car following behavior by embedding it in the training environment. To better utilize the macroscopic traffic features, a general platoon of mixed traffic are categorized as a CAV‐HDVs‐CAV pattern and described by corresponding DRL states. The macroscopic traffic flow properties are built upon the Newell car‐following model to capture the characteristics of aggregated HDVs' joint behaviors. Simulated experiments are conducted to validate our proposed strategy. The results demonstrate that the proposed control method has outstanding performances in terms of oscillation dampening, eco‐driving, and generalization capability.
Keywords: mixed traffic environment, distributed control, deep reinforcement learning, traffic oscillation dampening, connected automated vehicle
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