How Free Trade Can Save the Everglades

20 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2003

See all articles by Aaron Schwabach

Aaron Schwabach

UALR William H. Bowen School of Law


Professor Schwabach proposes trade globalization to remedy the damaging environmental impact of sugar production on the Florida Everglades in his article, How Free Trade Can Save the Everglades. Describing the Everglades' dire condition, the article details the current complex subsidy and tariff systems employed by the U.S. as well as the history of government intervention in the sugar industry. Three intervening mechanisms are highlighted: direct subsidies to U.S. sugar growers in the form of guaranteed minimum price loans, a guest worker program providing cheap labor, and restrictive tariffs and quotas on sugar imports. While these mechanisms are meant to keep sugar production in the U.S. afloat, Professor Schwabach describes how instead they ensure continued production of a crop unsuitable for the area, environmental destruction due to drainage and chemical run-off, and the payment of inflated prices U.S. consumers. As a solution, Professor Schwabach advocates either a halt to government intervention, allowing the market to end sugar production in the Everglades, or government purchase of the land for incorporation into Everglades National Park.

Keywords: Everglades, Florida, sugar, environmental law, fresh water, watercourse, agriculture, agricultural policy, subsidies, free market

JEL Classification: KOO, K23, K32

Suggested Citation

Schwabach, Aaron, How Free Trade Can Save the Everglades. Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, Vol. 14, Winter 2001, Available at SSRN:

Aaron Schwabach (Contact Author)

UALR William H. Bowen School of Law ( email )

1201 McMath Street
Little Rock, AR 72202
United States

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