Measuring Fairness in Credit Scoring
27 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2022
Date Written: May 30, 2022
We propose a general methodology framework for eXplainable credit scoring to provide interpretability of each individual variable and measure fairness. Specifically, it is able to detect important variables and quantifies their individual impact on a firm’s credit classification via the Shapley-Lorenz metric; and it quantifies the degree of discrimination, conditional on the endogenous effects generated by the variables, via the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. In the experiment on a panel dataset of 119,857 credit records for approximately 20,000 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in four European countries and 21 industry sectors for the period 2015 to 2020, we showcase the application of the eXplainable credit classification. We find that Leverage and P/L are the most important variables in credit scoring. In contrast there is marginal discrimination in terms of Country and Sector. The fairness tests show consistent results.
Keywords: Shapley-Lorenz, Artificial Intelligence Credit Scoring, Fairness Test
JEL Classification: C18, C40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation