Work From Home and the Office Real Estate Apocalypse
72 Pages Posted: 9 Jun 2022 Last revised: 5 Dec 2023
Date Written: December 2, 2023
We show remote work led to large drops in lease revenues, occupancy, and market rents in the commercial office sector. We revalue New York City office buildings taking into account both the cash flow and discount rate implications of these shocks, and find a 49% decline in long run value. For all U.S. office markets combined, we find a $664.1 billion value destruction. Higher quality buildings were buffered against these trends due to a flight to quality, while lower quality office is at risk of becoming a stranded asset. These valuation changes have repercussions for local public finances and financial stability.
Keywords: remote work, office valuation, commercial real estate, urban doom loop
JEL Classification: R3, R4, G12, R51
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation