Toward achieving sustainable development agenda: Nexus between Agriculture, Trade Openness, and Oil rents in Nigeria

Forthcoming: Open Agriculture

28 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2022

See all articles by Festus Adedoyin

Festus Adedoyin

Bournemouth University - Business School, Students

Olawumi Osundina

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Festus Bekun

Istanbul Gelisim University - Faculty of Economics Administrative and Social Sciences

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Date Written: June 2, 2022

Abstract

Over the years, agriculture has been considered as a panacea for long-term economic growth as believed by the physiocracy school of thought. Aligning this with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (specifically UN-SDG-2 which highlights zero hunger), the present study empirically complements existing studies by exploring the interactions between agriculture, trade openness and oil rents using annual time frequency series data from 1981-2017. A series of analysis is conducted. First, a battery of non-stationarity and stationarity unit root tests are performed; these range from the traditional Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and Phillips Perron (PP) techniques to the relatively recent Zivot Andrews (ZA) unit root test which accounts for a single structural break to ascertain stationarity properties in the variables under review. Subsequently, the recent Bayer and Hanck (2013) test in conjunction with the Johansen co-integration test were used for the co-integration analysis. Furthermore, to detect the direction of causality, the Toda-Yamamoto Granger Causality test alongside the impulse response function technique shows insightful outcomes. From the empirical results, co-integration is apparent and a long-run equilibrium relationship is traced between the outlined variables over the investigated period. The causality results and impulse response analysis highlight the existence of one-way causality links running from agriculture to trade and from trade to oil rents. These are revealing given the dwindling oil market prices. More insights are elucidated in the conclusion section accordingly.

Keywords: Agriculture, sustainability; Bayer-Hanck cointegration; Nigeria

JEL Classification: Q10, O13, C32, C33

Suggested Citation

Adedoyin, Festus and Osundina, Olawumi and Bekun, Festus and Asongu, Simplice, Toward achieving sustainable development agenda: Nexus between Agriculture, Trade Openness, and Oil rents in Nigeria (June 2, 2022). Forthcoming: Open Agriculture , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4126281 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4126281

Festus Adedoyin

Bournemouth University - Business School, Students ( email )

United Kingdom

Olawumi Osundina

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Festus Bekun

Istanbul Gelisim University - Faculty of Economics Administrative and Social Sciences ( email )

Turkey

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

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