Aspiration, Ethnic Composition, and Competitive Inclination: An Experimental Study

52 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2022 Last revised: 20 Jun 2022

See all articles by King King Li

King King Li

Shenzhen University WeBank Institute of Fintech; Shenzhen University - Shenzhen Audencia Business School

Peiyao Shen

ShanghaiTech University - School of Entrepreneurship and Management

Date Written: February 3, 2022

Abstract

How does differences in the competitive inclination of ethnic groups contribute to economic disparity and how does the ethnic composition of a group affect competitive inclinations of individuals from different ethnicities? We experimentally investigate how ethnic composition affects the competitive inclinations of those from the Han (ethnic majority) and Yi (ethnic minority) in groups with different ethnic compositions. In homogeneous treatments, which consists of one ethnicity, we find no differences in competitive inclination. However, in mixed treatments where both ethnicities are present in the group, the Yi are less likely to enter tournament than the Han, supporting the hypothesis that ethnic composition affects tournament entry decisions. The difference in aspiration for education attainment of the Yi and the Han has the highest explanatory power for this entry-gap. Difference in income, performance, and parents' education cannot explain the entry-gap. The results suggest that the government's preferential university admission policy for ethnic minorities leads to the Yi having lower aspirations, which in turn leads to a lower entry rate in the mixed treatments.

Keywords: Competitive inclination, Ethnicity, Aspiration, Gender difference

JEL Classification: C91, C93, D91

Suggested Citation

Li, King King and Shen, Peiyao, Aspiration, Ethnic Composition, and Competitive Inclination: An Experimental Study (February 3, 2022). ShanghaiTech SEM Working Paper Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4127991 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4127991

King King Li (Contact Author)

Shenzhen University WeBank Institute of Fintech

Shenzhen University - Shenzhen Audencia Business School ( email )

Shenzhen
China

Peiyao Shen

ShanghaiTech University - School of Entrepreneurship and Management ( email )

100 Haike Rd
Pudong Xinqu, Shanghai
China

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
17
Abstract Views
101
PlumX Metrics