A Legal Framework for Artificial Intelligence Fairness Reporting
(2022) 81 Cambridge Law Journal, Forthcoming
32 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2022 Last revised: 22 Jul 2022
Date Written: June 6, 2022
Clear understanding of artificial intelligence (AI) usage risks and how they are being addressed is needed, which require proper and adequate corporate disclosure. We advance a legal framework for AI Fairness Reporting to which companies can and should adhere on a comply or explain basis. We analyse the sources of unfairness arising from different aspects of AI models and the disparities in the performance of machine learning systems. We evaluate how the machine learning literature has sought to address the problem of unfairness through the use of different fairness metrics. We then put forward a nuanced and viable framework for AI Fairness Reporting comprising: (a) disclosure of all machine learning models usage; (b) disclosure of fairness metrics used and the ensuing trade-offs; (c) disclosure of de-biasing methods used; and (d) release of datasets for public inspection or for third-party audit. We then apply this reporting framework to two case studies.
Keywords: artificial intelligence, machine learning, law, fairness, equality, discrimination, antidiscrimination, disclosure, reporting, companies, law and technology, shareholders, stakeholders, GDPR
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