The Nutritional Cost of Beef Bans in India

36 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2022 Last revised: 4 Jun 2023

See all articles by Aparajita Dasgupta

Aparajita Dasgupta

Ashoka University

Muhammad Farhan Majid

IMPAQ International LLC

Wafa Hakim Orman

University of Alabama in Huntsville - College of Business

Date Written: June 6, 2022

Abstract

We study the impact of beef sale and possession bans in India on women’s anemia by leveraging a natural experiment arising from the state-level rollout of beef bans. We hypothesize that these bans differentially affect groups that traditionally eat beef - Muslims, Christians, and lower-caste Hindus. We compile rich data on beef-ban legislation by states over time and harmonize them with household and individual level data on biomarkers and prices. Estimating a triple difference-in-differences model, we find that bans reduce women’s hemoglobin levels in beef-eating communities by 1.2 g/L and increase severe anemia by 27 percent of the mean level.

Note:
Funding Information: None.

Conflict of Interests: None.

Keywords: Beef Bans, Anemia, India

JEL Classification: I12, J16, O15, O17, Z12

Suggested Citation

Dasgupta, Aparajita and Majid, Muhammad Farhan and Orman, Wafa Hakim, The Nutritional Cost of Beef Bans in India (June 6, 2022). Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 163, No. 103104, 2023, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4129350 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4129350

Aparajita Dasgupta (Contact Author)

Ashoka University ( email )

University Campus, Plot #2,
Rajiv Gandhi Education City
Kundli, Haryana 131028
India

Muhammad Farhan Majid

IMPAQ International LLC ( email )

1325 G Street, NW
Suite 900
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Wafa Hakim Orman

University of Alabama in Huntsville - College of Business ( email )

United States

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