Are Gender Norms Systematic to Caste Institutions? Examining Preferences Through a Social Experiment in North Indian Villages

26 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2022

See all articles by Aparajita Dasgupta

Aparajita Dasgupta

Ashoka University

Ashokankur Datta

Department of Economics, Shiv Nadar University

Date Written: April 29, 2022

Abstract

In this paper we examine how traditional institutions like caste interact with socio-economic status to mediate the perception of gender roles and attitudes around female labour force participation. We use third party vignettes to directly test the validity of the hypothesis that lower castes have more egalitarian gender norms and lower acceptance of restrictions on female autonomy. We find that the relationship between conservative gender norms and caste are in turn influenced by the class status of households, measured by land or asset ownership. Lastly, we conduct a simple social experiment to test for `pluralistic ignorance' and confirm the presence of systematic overestimation of conservative attitude that varies by caste and class identities.

Keywords: Gender, Caste, Social Norms, Perceptions, Vignettes, Pluralistic Ignorance, Labour Participation, India

JEL Classification: J16, J21, J22, Z13

Suggested Citation

Dasgupta, Aparajita and Datta, Ashokankur, Are Gender Norms Systematic to Caste Institutions? Examining Preferences Through a Social Experiment in North Indian Villages (April 29, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4129361 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4129361

Aparajita Dasgupta (Contact Author)

Ashoka University ( email )

University Campus, Plot #2,
Rajiv Gandhi Education City
Kundli, Haryana 131028
India

Ashokankur Datta

Department of Economics, Shiv Nadar University ( email )

NH-91, Village- Chithera, Tehsil-Dadri,
Dist. Gautam Buddha Nagar, UP
Gautam Buddha Nagar, Uttar Pradesh 201314
India

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