Digital Sequence Information between Benefit-Sharing and Open Data

In: Irma Klünker, Heiko Richter, Digital Sequence Information between Benefit-Sharing and Open Data, Journal of Law and the Biosciences, Volume 9, Issue 2, July-December 2022, lsac035, https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsac035.

Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 22-11

30 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2022 Last revised: 30 Nov 2022

See all articles by Irma Klünker

Irma Klünker

Humboldt University of Berlin; Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society

Heiko Richter

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Date Written: June 10, 2022

Abstract

Currently, parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are negotiating a strategic plan to save biodiversity. One crucial element of an agreement is the question of whether and how digital sequence information (DSI) is subject to access and benefit-sharing from the utilization of genetic resources, one main instrument of the CBD. In the EU, the Open Data Directive (ODD) of 2019 and the recently adopted Data Governance Act (DGA) already cover research data and to some extent DSI. An analysis of the ODD and the DGA throws a spotlight on the legal uncertainty of utilizing DSI and reveals systemic tensions between open data principles and benefit-sharing restrictions on non-commercial use. It also suggests that a future benefit-sharing mechanism for DSI should avoid distinguishing between commercial and non-commercial use upstream, but should instead favor a solution, which imposes benefit-sharing obligations further downstream or outside of the DSI life cycle.

Keywords: Digital Sequence Information, Open Data, Genetic Information, Open Data Directive, Data Governance Act, Nagoya Protocol

Suggested Citation

Klünker, Irma and Richter, Heiko, Digital Sequence Information between Benefit-Sharing and Open Data (June 10, 2022). In: Irma Klünker, Heiko Richter, Digital Sequence Information between Benefit-Sharing and Open Data, Journal of Law and the Biosciences, Volume 9, Issue 2, July-December 2022, lsac035, https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsac035., Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 22-11, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4135144 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4135144

Irma Klünker

Humboldt University of Berlin ( email )

Unter den Linden 6
Berlin, Berlin 10099
Germany

Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society ( email )

Berlin
Germany

Heiko Richter (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

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