Electoral College versus Popular Vote
40 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2022
Date Written: June 20, 2022
We compare the Electoral College and the popular vote in a stylized two-candidate, three-district election game. Under the Electoral College, the winner of a district acquires all votes of the electorate; under the popular vote, each candidate acquires the votes s/he actually wins in each district. Compared with the popular vote, the Electoral College entails a higher winning chance for the stronger candidate, a lower election inversion rate, and a higher total campaign expenditure with relatively symmetric candidates. Our study contributes further insights and findings to the heated debate on the reform of the US presidential election system.
Keywords: Electoral College; Inversion Rate; Multi-battle Contests; Political Cam- paigns; Popular Vote; Presidential Elections.
JEL Classification: C7, D7.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation