Electoral College versus Popular Vote

40 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2022

See all articles by Jingfeng Lu

Jingfeng Lu

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Economics

Zijia Wang

Renmin University of China, School of Economics

Junjie Zhou

Tsinghua University - Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management

Date Written: June 20, 2022

Abstract

We compare the Electoral College and the popular vote in a stylized two-candidate, three-district election game. Under the Electoral College, the winner of a district acquires all votes of the electorate; under the popular vote, each candidate acquires the votes s/he actually wins in each district. Compared with the popular vote, the Electoral College entails a higher winning chance for the stronger candidate, a lower election inversion rate, and a higher total campaign expenditure with relatively symmetric candidates. Our study contributes further insights and findings to the heated debate on the reform of the US presidential election system.

Keywords: Electoral College; Inversion Rate; Multi-battle Contests; Political Cam- paigns; Popular Vote; Presidential Elections.

JEL Classification: C7, D7.

Suggested Citation

Lu, Jingfeng and Wang, Zijia and Zhou, Junjie, Electoral College versus Popular Vote (June 20, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4140808 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4140808

Jingfeng Lu (Contact Author)

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Economics ( email )

1 Arts Link, AS2 #06-02
Singapore 117570, Singapore 119077
Singapore

Zijia Wang

Renmin University of China, School of Economics ( email )

China

Junjie Zhou

Tsinghua University - Tsinghua University School of Economics and Management ( email )

Beijing
China

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