Investor Perception, Market Reaction, and Post‐issue Performance in Bank Seasoned Equity Offerings.
27 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2022
Date Written: June 1, 2022
Using a large sample of bank seasoned equity offerings (SEO) from 2002 to 2017, we first document detailed descriptive statistics, and showed that nonperforming assets ratio, our primary measure of bank asset quality, reached the highest value immediately after the 2008 economic crisis, which also corresponds to a higher number of SEOs around these years because banks needed to recapitalize. The capital ratio, which is required to be at least at a minimum level (relative to risk‐weighted assets) for banks by regulation, also increased after the economic crisis, which may be due to a higher requirement for banks as well as banks’ desire to hold more capital. The SEO announcement period abnormal stock‐returns reached the lowest number around the economic crisis, as did the longer‐run 6‐month, post‐SEO cumulative abnormal returns and buy‐and‐hold abnormal returns. Examining the differences between banks, we found, in both univariate and multivariate regression results controlling for other variables, that the bank capital ratio as at the time of the SEO announcement is significantly and positively associated with announcement period abnormal returns, while nonperforming assets ratio of the bank as at the time of SEO announcements is not. However, the nonperforming assets ratio as at the time of the SEO announcements had a significantly negative association with post‐SEO, 6‐month longer‐run abnormal stock returns, while the capital ratio did not have any significant association. The nonperforming assets ratio as at the time of SEO announcement was also significantly and negatively related to bank return on assets 6 months and 12 months after SEO, while the capital ratio was not. Thus, investors appear to perceive a well‐ingrained, well‐publicized regulatory norm—the capital ratio—as indicative of value creation as at the time of bank SEO announcements, while loan asset quality, which may be relatively more opaque, may determine post‐SEO performance.
Keywords: Seasoned equity offering, SEO, capital ratio, nonperforming assets ratio, announcement period abnormal returns, post‐issue bank performance, investor perceptions
JEL Classification: G21
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