The flip side of conservation in Galapagos: how are fishers’ livelihoods impacted by fishing gear restrictions and no-take zones?

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See all articles by Carlos A. Silva

Carlos A. Silva

Charles Darwin Foundation

Cesar Viteri Mejia

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jorge Ramírez González

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Nicolas Moity

Charles Darwin Foundation

Michael K. Tanner

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Adan L. Martinez-Cruz

Department of Forest Economics, SLU; CERE; ETH Zürich - Centre for Energy Policy and Economics (CEPE)

Claudia Aravena

Heriot-Watt University - Edinburgh Business School

CERE Center for Environmental and Resource Economics

CERE

Date Written: June 29, 2022

Abstract

Incorporating a social-ecological system approach into natural protected areas management is a challenging endeavor. In Galapagos Islands, previous studies regarding key conservation measures, such as fishing gear restrictions and a new network of no-fishing zones, have overlooked potential impacts of these policies on fishers’ livelihoods. To fill this gap in the literature, we estimate socioeconomic challenges that small-scale fishers would face in the form of loss in productivity and opportunity costs if fishing gear restrictions and no-take zones were fully enforced in Galapagos Islands. Imputing local and global market prices, a longline ban represents potential losses for US$ 4.3 million per year, while no-fishing zones decrease revenues by US$ 1.6 million per year. Altogether, these burdens are equivalent to US$ 5.9 million per year or 2.4% of Galapagos’ GDP. This paper contributes to incorporating a social-ecological approach in analysis of conservation measures, by informing Galapagos’ managers of the costs to the social side of the system. We discuss alternatives to implement conservation measures in Galapagos while keeping in mind impacts on fishers’ livelihoods and specific challenges of the archipelago.

Keywords: Galapagos, conservation, small-scale fisheries, socio-ecological system.

JEL Classification: Q50, Q57

Suggested Citation

Silva, Carlos A. and Mejia, Cesar Viteri and Ramírez González, Jorge and Moity, Nicolas and Tanner, Michael K. and Martinez-Cruz, Adan L. and Aravena, Claudia and Center for Environmental and Resource Economics, CERE, The flip side of conservation in Galapagos: how are fishers’ livelihoods impacted by fishing gear restrictions and no-take zones? (June 29, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=

Carlos A. Silva

Charles Darwin Foundation ( email )

Quito
Ecuador

Cesar Viteri Mejia

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jorge Ramírez González

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Nicolas Moity

Charles Darwin Foundation ( email )

Quito
Ecuador

Michael K. Tanner

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Adan L. Martinez-Cruz

Department of Forest Economics, SLU ( email )

S-901 83 Umea
Sweden

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Adan_Martinez-Cruz

CERE ( email )

Almas Allé 10
Umeå, 750 07
Sweden

ETH Zürich - Centre for Energy Policy and Economics (CEPE) ( email )

8092 Zurich
Switzerland
+41 44 633 80 97 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.eepe.ethz.ch/people/madan

Claudia Aravena

Heriot-Watt University - Edinburgh Business School ( email )

Edingburgh
United Kingdom

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