Share Repurchases on Trial: Large-Sample Evidence on Share Price Performance, Executive Compensation, and Corporate Investment
Forthcoming at Financial Management
41 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2022 Last revised: 29 Jan 2023
Date Written: January 17, 2023
Using a large sample of US stocks covering more than three decades, we empirically examine common criticisms of and rationales for stock repurchases. Repurchases account for a tiny fraction of the trading volume in a typical stock, making their price impact too small to generate short-term price manipulation. Price appreciation following repurchases is modest and does not reverse on average, suggesting the small price increases following repurchases signal firms’ good prospects. Also, we find no evidence that CEOs of repurchasing firms are paid excessively or that repurchases crowd out valuable investment opportunities. Because repurchases do not appear to be systematically abusive, enforcement action should be sufficient to deal with any bad actors, and significant regulation seems unwarranted.
Keywords: Corporate finance, payout policy, share repurchase, trading volume, stock prices, CEO pay, investment, profitability
JEL Classification: G12, G31, G32, G35, G38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation