Queen Bee Immigrant: The Effects of Status Perceptions on Immigration Attitudes

48 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2022

See all articles by Biljana Meiske

Biljana Meiske

Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance; Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich

Date Written: June 30, 2022

Abstract

This work studies the dynamics of inter-minority relations and attempts to uncover the influence of status position of the established immigrants on their attitudes towards new waves of immigration. I hypothesize that relative status deprivation, that is, the degree to which own in-group is ranked low in the ethnic status hierarchy of the host country, has a negative impact on group members’ attitudes toward an even lower ranked status group (such as refugees). In an online experiment (N=1,159), participants with migration background residing in Germany receive either a positive or a negative evaluation of their own ethnic/national in-group, as evaluated by a group of ethnic German participants, while keeping constant the evaluations of other immigrant groups. The results show that participants whose in-group received a negative evaluation are systematically less willing to donate to an organization supporting refugees. Furthermore, receiving negative evaluation impacts participants’ perceived descriptive norms regarding expression of non-acceptance of refugees (and other low-status out-groups) among majority population. Additionally, I study the role of indirect reciprocity as a possible moderator of observed treatment effects.

Keywords: Immigration attitudes, Discrimination, Status

JEL Classification: C90, J15, J71

Suggested Citation

Meiske, Biljana, Queen Bee Immigrant: The Effects of Status Perceptions on Immigration Attitudes (June 30, 2022). Working Paper of the Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance No. 12, 2022, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4150628 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4150628

Biljana Meiske (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Tax Law and Public Finance ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, 80539
Germany

Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich ( email )

Germany

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