The Super 2022 Guideline for Reporting of Surgical Technique

30 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2022

See all articles by Kaiping Zhang

Kaiping Zhang

AME Publishing Company

Yanfang Ma

Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) - School of Chinese Medicine

Jinlin Wu

Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences - Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital

Qianling Shi

Lanzhou University

Leandro Cardoso Barchi

University of Sao Paulo

Marco Scarci

ASST - Monza - San Gerardo Hospital

Rene Horsleben Petersen

University of Copenhagen - Copenhagen University Hospital

Calvin S.H. Ng

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Steven Hochwald

Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center

Ryuichi Waseda

Fukuoka University

Fabio Davoli

S. Maria delle Croci Hospital

Robert Fruscio

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri

San Camillo Hospital

Michel Gonzalez

Aix-Marseille University

Benjamin Wei

University of Alabama at Birmingham - Department of Surgery

Guillaume Piessen

University of Lille

Jianfei Shen

Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province

Xianzhuo Zhang

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School

Panpan Jiao

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School

Yulong He

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School

Nuria M. Novoa

University of Salamanca - University Hospital of Salamanca

Benedetta Bedetti

Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg

Sebastien Gilbert

The Ottawa Hospital - Department of Surgery

Alan D. L. Sihoe

Gleneagles Hong Kong Hospital

Alper Toker

West Virginia University

Alfonso Fiorelli

University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli

Marcelo F. Jimenez

University of Salamanca - University Hospital of Salamanca

Toni Lerut

KU Leuven - University Hospitals Leuven

Aung Y. Oo

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital (Barts)

Grace S. Li

AME Publishing Company

Xueqin Tang

AME Publishing Company

Yawen Lu

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School

Hussein Elkhayat

Assiut University

Tomaž Štupnik

University of Ljubljana - University Medical Centre Ljubljana

Tanel Laisaar

Tartu University Hospital

Firas Abu Akar

Edith Wolfson Medical Center - Thoracic Surgery unit

Diego Gonzalez-Rivas

University Hospital of La Coruña

Zhanhao Su

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences - State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease

Bin Qiu

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College - National Cancer Center/ National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital

Stephen D. Wang

AME Publishing Company

Yaolong Chen

Lanzhou University - School of Basic Medical Sciences

Shugeng Gao

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College - National Cancer Center/ National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital

Abstract

ObjectiveExisting reporting guidelines pay insufficient attention to the detail and comprehensiveness reporting of surgical technique. The SUPER (Surgical techniqUe rePorting chEcklist and standaRds) aims to address this gap by defining reporting standards for surgical technique.Study designFollowing the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network approach, 15 surgeons, journal editors, and methodologists reviewed existing reporting guidelines relating to surgical technique, reviewed papers from 15 top journals, and brainstormed with 23 multidisciplinary international Delphi panel experts to draft initial items for the SUPER. The initial items were revised through a three-round Delphi survey consensus process. The final SUPER items were formed after an online consensus meeting to resolve disagreements and a three-round wording refinement by all 42 SUPER group members, including 4 SUPER consultants.ResultsThe SUPER guideline includes 22 items that are considered essential for good and informative surgical technique reporting. The items are divided into six sections: background, rationale, and objectives (items 1 to 5); preoperative preparations and requirements (items 6 to 9); surgical technique details (items 10 to 15); postoperative considerations and tasks (items 16 to 19); summary and prospect (items 20 and 21); and other information (item 22).ConclusionsThe SUPER guideline has the potential to guide detailed, comprehensive, and transparent surgical technique reporting for surgeons. It may also assist journal editors, peer reviewers, systematic reviewers, and guideline developers in the evaluation of surgical technique papers and help practitioners to better understand and reproduce surgical technique.Study Registrationhttps://www.equator-network.org/library/reporting-guidelines-under-development/reporting-guidelines-under-development-for-other-study-designs/#SUPER

Note:
Funding Information: This project is supported by the AME Reporting Guidelines Research Fund (No. 2020-1016-885) and Lanzhou University Research Unit for Evidence-Based Evaluation and Guidelines, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Fund (2021RU017).

Conflict of Interests: All authors declare no support from any organization for the submitted work; no financial relationships with any organizations that might have an interest in the submitted work in the previous three years, no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work.

Keywords: Surgical technique, surgical innovation, Reporting guideline, reporting checklist, SUPER

Suggested Citation

Zhang, Kaiping and Ma, Yanfang and Wu, Jinlin and Shi, Qianling and Barchi, Leandro Cardoso and Scarci, Marco and Petersen, Rene Horsleben and Ng, Calvin S.H. and Hochwald, Steven and Waseda, Ryuichi and Davoli, Fabio and Fruscio, Robert and Sandri, Giovanni Battista Levi and Gonzalez, Michel and Wei, Benjamin and Piessen, Guillaume and Shen, Jianfei and Zhang, Xianzhuo and Jiao, Panpan and He, Yulong and Novoa, Nuria M. and Bedetti, Benedetta and Gilbert, Sebastien and Sihoe, Alan D. L. and Toker, Alper and Fiorelli, Alfonso and Jimenez, Marcelo F. and Lerut, Toni and Oo, Aung Y. and Li, Grace S. and Tang, Xueqin and Lu, Yawen and Elkhayat, Hussein and Štupnik, Tomaž and Laisaar, Tanel and Akar, Firas Abu and Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego and Su, Zhanhao and Qiu, Bin and Wang, Stephen D. and Chen, Yaolong and Gao, Shugeng, The Super 2022 Guideline for Reporting of Surgical Technique. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4151495 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4151495

Kaiping Zhang

AME Publishing Company ( email )

Yanfang Ma

Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU) - School of Chinese Medicine ( email )

Jinlin Wu

Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences - Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital ( email )

Qianling Shi

Lanzhou University ( email )

222 Tianshui South Road
Chengguan
Lanzhou, gansu 730000
China

Leandro Cardoso Barchi

University of Sao Paulo ( email )

Marco Scarci

ASST - Monza - San Gerardo Hospital ( email )

Via Pergolesi 33
Monza
Italy

Rene Horsleben Petersen

University of Copenhagen - Copenhagen University Hospital ( email )

Copenhangen
Denmark

Calvin S.H. Ng

The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery ( email )

Hong Kong SAR
China

Steven Hochwald

Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center ( email )

Elm & Carlton Streets
Buffalo, NY 14263
United States

Ryuichi Waseda

Fukuoka University ( email )

Fukuoka 814-0180
Japan

Fabio Davoli

S. Maria delle Croci Hospital ( email )

Robert Fruscio

Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca ( email )

Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri

San Camillo Hospital ( email )

Rome
Italy

Michel Gonzalez

Aix-Marseille University ( email )

3 Avenue Robert Schuman
3 Avenue Robert Schuman,
Aix-en-Provence, 13628
France

Benjamin Wei

University of Alabama at Birmingham - Department of Surgery ( email )

Guillaume Piessen

University of Lille ( email )

Cité Scientifique
Villeneuve-d'Ascq, 59650
France

Jianfei Shen

Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province ( email )

Zhejiang
China

Xianzhuo Zhang

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School ( email )

Panpan Jiao

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School ( email )

Yulong He

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School ( email )

Nuria M. Novoa

University of Salamanca - University Hospital of Salamanca ( email )

Salamanca
Spain

Benedetta Bedetti

Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg ( email )

Sebastien Gilbert

The Ottawa Hospital - Department of Surgery

Alan D. L. Sihoe

Gleneagles Hong Kong Hospital ( email )

Alper Toker

West Virginia University ( email )

Alfonso Fiorelli

University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli ( email )

Italy

Marcelo F. Jimenez

University of Salamanca - University Hospital of Salamanca ( email )

Salamanca
Spain

Toni Lerut

KU Leuven - University Hospitals Leuven ( email )

Aung Y. Oo

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital (Barts) ( email )

Grace S. Li

AME Publishing Company ( email )

Xueqin Tang

AME Publishing Company ( email )

Yawen Lu

Lanzhou University - The First Clinical Medical School ( email )

Hussein Elkhayat

Assiut University ( email )

71515 Assiut
Egypt

Tomaž Štupnik

University of Ljubljana - University Medical Centre Ljubljana ( email )

Zaloška cesta 7
1000 Ljubljana
Slovenia

Tanel Laisaar

Tartu University Hospital ( email )

1a L. Puusepa St.
50406
Estonia

Firas Abu Akar

Edith Wolfson Medical Center - Thoracic Surgery unit ( email )

Holon, Telaviv
Israel

Diego Gonzalez-Rivas

University Hospital of La Coruña ( email )

Zhanhao Su

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences - State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease ( email )

Beijing
China

Bin Qiu

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College - National Cancer Center/ National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital ( email )

Stephen D. Wang

AME Publishing Company ( email )

Yaolong Chen (Contact Author)

Lanzhou University - School of Basic Medical Sciences ( email )

Shugeng Gao

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College - National Cancer Center/ National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital ( email )

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