Evolution of Debt Financing Toward Less Regulated Financial Intermediaries
Charles A. Dice Center Working Paper No. 2022-04, 2022
72 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2022
Date Written: May 6, 2022
Nonbank lenders have been playing an increasingly important role in the supply of debt financing, especially post Great Recession. These nonbank financial institutions not only participate in syndicated loans to large businesses but also act as direct lenders to small and mid-sized businesses, providing loans previously were primarily supplied by banks. Moreover, the composition of bondholders has changed, with mutual funds and other less regulated entities having gained nontrivial market shares. What is the extent of nonbank lending? How important are the distortions associated with the varying degrees of regulatory oversight for banks that differentially limit risk-taking across alternative sources of credit? What are the financial stability implications of this transformed landscape of credit markets? This selective review addresses these important questions and also discusses how banks and nonbanks helped provide liquidity to the nonfinancial sector during the COVID-19 pandemic shock.
Keywords: Nonbank, fintech, bank regulation, loan, bond
JEL Classification: G21, G22, G23, G24, G28
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation